Athletes, like all others, may have illnesses or conditions that require them to take particular medications. If the medication an Athlete is required to take to treat an illness or condition happens to fall under the WADA Prohibited List, a TUE may give that Athlete the authorization to take the needed medicine. A TUE is granted to an Athlete under narrow, well-defined conditions. The TUE enables the Athlete to take the necessary medication, without resulting in a doping offense. The Athlete must have a well-documented medical condition, backed up by reliable, relevant and sufficient medical data that demonstrates he/she meets the criteria for grant of a TUE.
An Athlete must obtain a TUE PRIOR to Using or Possessing the substance or method in question, unless one of the exceptions applies (Emergency treatment or treatment of an acute medical condition, or due to other exceptional circumstances as set out in Article 4.3 of the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE). Athletes should be aware that according to the ISTUE, a TUE Application should be submitted at least 21 days prior to participating in an event.
Where the Athlete already possesses a TUE granted by his or her NADO for the substance or method in question, that TUE is NOT automatically valid for international-level Competition, i.e. ISF sanctioned competitions. However, the Athlete may apply to the ISF to recognize that TUE.